The Peace Process, Agreements And Social Cohesion In Afghanistan, Doha Peace Process

Afghanistan, a mountainous landlocked country between central and south Asia, was the victim of terrorism for the last two decades, which almost wiped out the entire civilization of Afghanistan, after the events of 9-11 U.S with the help of their major NATO allies including Pakistan began its attack in 2001. Which resulted in a massive setback to the nation of afghans.

But, finally, after a brutal war of terror in the country peace prevails almost after 20 years the US government laid off the Taliban regime, the first official direct talks between the Taliban and the Afghan government began in Doha, Qatar in the fall of 2020. International forces including Pakistan played a vital role to bring peace to Afghanistan, Pakistan also suffered many casualties of its civilians because Pakistan was a major US ally in the fight against terror in the afghan region. In February 2020, the United States came to an agreement with the Taliban who also signed an affidavit with the Afghan government to encourage starting of the intra-afghan peace process.

In 2001 the afghans did sit down for the negotiations for the construction of the governance. The Bonn agreement, which made the current political order but they excluded the Taliban. But this time the Taliban are part of an agreement. Afghanistan had some dramatic changes since the Taliban were in power in the late 1990s. It’s now an autonomous nation with occupants whose prospects have evolved during the last couple of decades of development, rookie popular rule, and transnational engagement.

 The United States and the Taliban have reached an agreement to bring peace to Afghanistan, which was signed by the United States Special Representative for Afghanistan. On February 29, 2020, MR Zalmy Khalil Zad and Taliban Political Deputy Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar. The agreement follows up to 18 months and nine rounds of peace talks involving Khalilzad and Taliban representatives with delegations from the Afghan government. The agreement summarized four goals. With the last two dependents on the status of the first two.

 1. Armed organizations will be stopped from utilizing Afghanistan as a base for attacks against the U.S And its allies (by the Taliban and Afghan security forces).

2. Foreign forces, including US soldiers and contractors, as well as coalition forces, will leave Afghanistan.

3. The tentative start date for intra-Afghan talks was set for March 10, 2020.

 4. The agenda for intra-Afghan talks will include discussions about how to put in place a durable and comprehensive cease-fire as well as a political blueprint for Afghanistan’s future.

Despite the Taliban assuming control of their nation on August 15, 2021, and adopting Islamic rules, many Afghans fear that social cohesiveness is deteriorating. Despite having no one to feed, many women are obliged to stay at home. Many youngsters are not permitted to attend school. Filmmakers, actors, barbers, and a slew of other professionals are barred from working or residing in the nation. Although the question has been raised, Afghans should not lose hope because if they can obtain their nation, they can also obtain their independence, and we wish Afghanistan a great and happy future.

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