By: Satya Harika Manda MBBS, Mubashira Khijar Sarnaik MBBS, Sidra Qamar MBBS

Infertility is the inability to conceive after 12 months of regular unprotected sexual intercourse. Infertility rates are steadily increasing, and it is estimated that around 48 million couples and 186 million individuals of reproductive age live with infertility globally. In the United States, it affects 8.8% of women aged 15 to 49 years.

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Circadian Rhythm- A Biological Clock

Circadian rhythm or circadian cycle, is a natural, internal process that regulates the sleep–wake cycle and repeats roughly every 24 hours

The term circadian comes from the Latin circa, meaning “around” (or “approximately”), and diēm, meaning “day” It may serve to imply that certain physiologic periods are close to 24 hours, if not exactly that length. Herein, “circadian” might be applied to all “24-hour” rhythms, whether or not their periods, individually or on the average, are different from 24 hours, longer or shorter, by a few minutes or hours.

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The Day, Eliza Got Away!

I woke up with a terrible headache Friday morning as Eliza scratched my face for breakfast. I scraped the foil off of a plastic wet food container and put it in front of her. She is one spoiled cat who refuses to eat unless it’s something she approves. One time, she went without eating for almost three days when I switched her food to a cheaper brand. I finally gave in fearing she might die of starvation. They can go into liver failure with starvation, one of my friends told me. I am not sure of it being a fact though. How come? We don’t go into liver failure when we don’t eat for days. It’s good for us to fast once in a while.

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The Reality of Poverty in America

The podcast “Rags to Riches” highlights the truths of socio-economic equality and what it means to pursue the American dream. People may argue that in America, everyone is born equal and has the same opportunities, but the reality is that everyone is born into different circumstances, and in general, the rich stay rich and the poor stay impoverished. Although this podcast hasn’t completely shifted my viewpoint on poverty in America, it has illuminated many aspects of poverty that I was unaware of, such as the idea of “pulling yourself up by your bootstraps”.

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Obesity: A Physician’s Amazing Journey

As an Endocrinologist, I see obesity related problems in my clinic every single day. Obesity is a chronic disease that can lead to premature cardiovascular disease and death. About ten years ago, when I completed my fellowship training in Endocrinology, diabetes and metabolism from the University of Oklahoma we focused on managing blood sugars, high cholesterol and high blood pressure in our diabetes patients. We understood the common link between these serious diseases was obesity but treatment options were limited.

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COVID-19 Vaccine Diary

I received my first Coronavirus vaccine today. I feel fine without fever, chills, headaches, muscle aches, weakness or injection site redness or pain. Hopefully, I received the actual vaccine and not the placebo. The chances are 50/50 in the randomised double-blind controlled trial. We are living in a historic time with humanity faced with a common enemy.

Never before in recent world history, we were forced to look beyond our conflicts and deploy armies to not subdue but uplift and support each other this way. I am an existentialist, a physician mom, a teacher, a researcher and a writer. COVID-19 pandemic has affected every part of my life. I am worried for my family, loved ones, patients and friends.

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